The presence of structures used for ritual gatherings has been one of the universal features of human communities throughout history. Population migrations have resulted in the repurposing of these spaces for other religious uses, despite what might seem to be vast differences in dogma and creed. For this reason, many of these gathering spaces are among the oldest extant buildings in our cities and towns today. This universal demand for sacred spaces, and the temporality of man's presence within them, has drawn me to examine the changing nature of these structures and the communities they serve.
For the past three years, I have been making photographs of religious spaces in the US and Europe, and looking specifically for spaces that represent a state of transition in some way. In many cases this has meant photographing centuries-old Christian spaces with diminishing attendance due to rising secularism, or spaces whose purpose has shifted to serving a new faith or a new demographic. But it has also meant photographing purpose-built spaces for new immigrants, such as the Muslim populations that have arrived in recent decades in the US and Europe. In each case, I have photographed the space during a religious service, capturing not only the physical presence of the structure but also the community of worshipers themselves. In these necessarily long exposure images, the congregants nearly disappear, leaving the buildings as repositories of past histories and potential futures.